World Wide Web was invented in 1989. Since then, more than 3.5 billion webpages of different complexity and purposes have been developed and published online. However, before the dotcom boom in the 1990s, there were only several publicly available web pages that could be accessed using the HTML protocol. Let’s take a look at the most important websites in the history of WWW, which were the first to appear on the online terrain.
The Account of the Most Important Pioneer Websites
The very first web page appeared in 1991. It was a website in honor of CERN, as the very protagonist of the story – the first browser and the WWW inventor Tim Berners-Lee – worked at CERN at that time. Berners-Lee also set up an online library for the WWW, which was the first ever content index for the WWW pages, and which is still active.
Since complex data transmission was still not there, the first websites looked like a simple black and white text page with some hyperlinks. However, they marked a historical moment for the humankind: the appearance of the first web pages with public access. They also allowed for the creation of commercial websites and entertainment web pages, like Egaming Hall.
After that, the next websites shortly followed:
1. Nikhef. A website established by the National Institute of subatomic physics in Holland, destined to represent the institution. The Nikhef was among the first to establish a web page since they were research partners of CERN at that time, as they still are today.
2. SLAC. SLAC (abbreviation for Stanford Linear Accelerator Center) was actually the second website ever created, shortly after CERN. Paul Kunz was the “founding father” of the first ever web-server in North America, as he brought the software from CERN, and established the website and the server in his alma mater.
3. SunSite. The first online archiving project for software, information and different publicly available resources. It is still in good shape today and is run by several universities.
4. NCSA. NCSA, who dedicates its activity to supercomputing applications, developed the NCSA Mosaic web page browser, as well as the first web directory that people used to find out what new pages appeared online.
5. Fermilab. Fermilab is an acceleration laboratory that established the second web server in America and also specializes in physics.
6. 1993 dotcom boom. Year 1993 marked the birth of the dotcom era: a booming increase in web pages creation with the extension of .com. December 1993 saw a total of 623 public web pages on WWW, the most famous of which would be Aliweb, MTV, Bloomberg, Nexor, the first web camera Trojan, IMDB and the first public music archive, which allowed to share music for the first time in MP2 format.
The years that were to come, starting 1994, saw a 5 to 50-fold increase in the density of web pages online, which lead the WWW to what it is today. And although there were many websites in Internet history that failed to survive because of commercial or other reasons, a great number of the first websites ever created still exist today, modernized with new programming languages and design possibilities.